Many people seek massage therapy the manual manipulation of muscles and tendons beneath the skin for relief from any kind of physical pain. Deep tissue massage therapy is often the massage of choice for athletes who want help with healing from various injuries or for those seeking help with the management of chronic pain or muscle tension. Similar in style to Swedish massage one of the most popular forms of relaxation massage deep tissue massage targets the innermost layers of the body’s muscles, tendons, and fascia (the densely woven tissue that connects parts inside the body). Deep tissue massage can also provide relaxation, but massage therapists who specialize in deep tissue typically use much stronger pressure.
This approach to massage was practiced in the United States as early as the late 1800s but was not a popular form of massage until massage therapist Therese Pfrimmer established guidelines and methods for this technique in her 1949 book, Muscles Your Invisible Bonds. Today, the technique is often used by sports medicine practitioners and physical therapists.
Research has shown just 45 to 60 minutes of deep tissue massage can lower blood pressure, reduce stress hormone levels, and decrease heart rate. A clinical study found deep tissue massage was even more effective for treating chronic pain than some other medical treatment options. One of the most common culprits for chronic pain is inflammation in the body’s soft tissue, and by increasing blood flow throughout the body, this massage technique is often able to reduce that inflammation. Massage therapists may also work to loosen clusters of tight tissue resulting from physical stress, providing further relief for tense muscles.
In addition to physical benefits, deep tissue massage therapy may also have mental health benefits. Massage can increase release of serotonin a feel good neurotransmitter which is associated with feelings of happiness and pleasure.
Some strokes massage therapists use in deep tissue massage include kneading, tapping, circular movements, and elongated movements, and they may use elbows and forearms for increased pressure in addition to knuckles and fingertips. The massage therapist may ask the client to breathe through some of the slower, elongated movements, because increased oxygen can help to relax the body.
Pressure can be adjusted based on comfort, a common misconception of deep tissue massage is that it is supposed to hurt. Pain is actually counter-productive in a massage session, as a client who is bracing against any painful strokes from the massage therapist is just making the muscles tighter and less pliable. It is important to have an open line of communication with a massage therapist, so pressure and movement can be altered throughout the session.
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Last update: 01 December 2018